The sequelae of chronic hyperglycemia in diabetes of all phenotypes are divided into microvascular and macrovascular complications.
Microvascular disease causes blindness, renal failure, and neuropathy, and diabetes-accelerated macrovascular disease causes excessive risk for myocardial infarction, stroke, and lower limb amputation. The link between chronic hyperglycemia and vascular damage has been established by four independent biochemical abnormalities: increased polyol pathway flux, increased formation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), activation of protein kinase C (PKC), and increased hexosamine pathway flux. These seemingly unrelated pathways have an underlying common denominator: overproduction of superoxide by the mitochondrial electron transport chain. Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) partially inhibit the glycolytic enzymes glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, which diverts increased substrate flux from glycolysis to pathways of glucose overutilization. Preliminary experimental evidence in vivo suggests that this new paradigm provides a novel basis for research and drug development.
Multidisciplinary research and rehabilitation program for Diabetic Angiopathy
Please follow the doctor's advice for drugs and other medical plans
Please follow the guidance of nutritionist
For sports or psychological counseling, please refer to the experts' suggestions
In order to avoid misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis, please upload the professional diagnosis report of the hospital in the latest month. If it is confirmed to be this disease, you can participate in the .#
If you have this disease, please follow your doctor's complete medical plan. You must consult the attending doctor before using the multidisciplinary rehabilitation plan. If your attending doctor does not recommend you to join the supplement conditioning combination, please do not use it. If you need to seek second opinion from other doctors, you can contact our online "Doctors Without Borders", or another professional doctor in your own city.