If you have this disease, please follow your doctor's complete medical plan; Before using the multidisciplinary rehabilitation program, you must consult the attending doctor. If your attending doctor does not recommend you to join the supplement conditioning combination, please do not use it. If you need to seek a second consultation from another doctor, you can contact our online doctor without borders. Or another professional doctor in your own city.
Gallstone is a worldwide medical problem, but its incidence shows obvious regional differences, and the incidence of African population is the lowest. English publications on gallstones obtained through reprint request and PubMed database form the basis of this paper. Data from these sources included author, country, year of publication, patient age and gender, pathogenesis, risk factors for gallstone occurrence, ethnic distribution, symptoms, complications and treatment. Gallstones occur all over the world, but are most common among North American Indians and Hispanics, but lower in Asian and African populations. The high concentration of protein and lipid in bile is a risk factor for the formation of gallstones, and gallbladder sludge is considered to be a common precursor of gallstones. Bile calcium concentration plays a role in bilirubin precipitation and gallstone calcification. Treatment of gallstones should be reserved for symptomatic patients, while preventive cholecystectomy is recommended for specific populations, such as children, sickle cell disease patients and patients undergoing weight loss surgery. (1)
The use of oral bile salts to dissolve gallstones began more than 30 years ago because of the low risk of rejection or surgery. (2) It is well known that chenodeoxycholic acid (veratrol) and ursodeoxycholic acid (ursodeoxycholic acid) can dissolve gallstones, but chenodeoxycholic acid can lead to diarrhea and abnormal transaminase levels, while ursodil is not. Bile salt therapy is only suitable for a few symptomatic patients with cholesterol stones. (3) It is not suitable for patients with acute cholecystitis or common bile duct stones. They need urgent action. Candidates for bile salt therapy should have a patent cystic duct and non calcified cholesterol stones. Gallstones often recur after oral bile salt is stopped.
By passing a percutaneous catheter through the liver and injecting solvents such as organic solvent methyl tert butyl ether into the gallbladder, cholesterol stones can be quickly contacted and dissolved. (4,5,6,7) alternatively, the nasobiliary duct can be guided into the gallbladder through an endoscope and can be used for injection of organic solvents. (8) This is a technically difficult and dangerous procedure that can only be performed by experienced doctors in the hospital where the treatment research is being carried out. Serious side effects include severe burning pain.
Finally, mixtures of plant terpenes can also be used to dissolve translucent gallstones, especially in combination with bile acids. (9)
Rapid dissolution of gallstones by methyl tert-butyl ether. Preliminary observations.Allen MJ, Borody TJ, Bugliosi TF, May GR, LaRusso NF, Thistle JL N Engl J Med. 1985 Jan 24; 312(4):217-20.
Dissolution of cholesterol gallbladder stones by methyl tert-butyl ether administered by percutaneous transhepatic catheter. Thistle JL, May GR, Bender CE, Williams HJ, LeRoy AJ, Nelson PE, Peine CJ, Petersen BT, McCullough JE N Engl J Med. 1989 Mar 9; 320(10):633-9.
Contact dissolution of cholesterol gallstones with organic solvents.Hofmann AF, Schteingart CD, vanSonnenberg E, Esch O, akko SF Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 1991 Mar; 20(1):183-99.
Endoscopic retrograde cannulation of the gallbladder: direct dissolution of gallstones.Foerster EC, Matek W, Domschke W Gastrointest Endosc. 1990 Sep-Oct; 36(5):444-50.
Nutritional approaches to prevention and treatment of gallstones.Gaby AR Altern Med Rev. 2009 Sep; 14(3):258-67.